Expertise is developed through hours of deliberate practise. One dimension is a challenging goal which relies on your nature of motivations. Who are you?
|take more risks||are more vigilant|
|explore more options||more detail oriented|
|try something new? “Yes!”||try something new? “Is it safe?”|
|“can do” attitude||failure is not an option|
|e.g. developing software||e.g. running data centers|
|promotion focus||prevention focus|
|care about the presence and absence of gains||worry about the presence and absence of losses|
|pursuing opportunities||preventing failure|
|motivators are aspirations||motivators are meeting obligations and fear of failure|
Motivational challenges and behaviors to reach a goal are researched in the Regulatory Focus Theory by E. Tory Higgins (further reading “Beyond Pleasure and Pain“, American Psychologist, December 1977).
So which is better to reach your goals – promotion or prevention? Both work depending on the goal people like to achieve. Some people are more motivated by pursuing opportunities and others are more motivated by preventing failure.